Tun Abdul Razak
Tun Abdul Razak bin Hussein was the second Prime Minister of Malaysia. He was born on March 11, 1922 in Pekan, Pahang. He is the eldest of the two children of Dato’ Hussein Mohd Taib and Teh Fatimah Daud. He received his education at the Malay College Kuala Kangsar; Raffles College, Singapore; and Lincoln’s Inn in London where he earned his law degree and qualification as a barrister of law. He was a member of the British Labour Party and a prominent student leader of the Malay Association of Great Britain when he was in England.
Tun Abdul Razak succeeded Tunku Abdul Rahman as the Prime Minister of Malaysia in September 1970. He set up Barisan Nasional on January 1, 1973 to replace the Alliance Party. He launched the Malaysian New Economic Policy (MNEP) in 1971 that has two-pronged strategy - to reduce and eventually eradicate poverty and to restructure the society to eliminate the identification of race with economic function to create the conditions for national unity.
Tun Razak died of leukaemia in office on January 14, 1976, while seeking medical treatment in London. He was laid to rest at the Heroes Mausoleum, near to the Masjid Negara in Kuala Lumpur. He was given the soubriquet Bapa Pembangunan or Father of Development.